Huizhou Tianyi rare material Co., Ltd

About TYR
Product classification
  Sputtering Target
  Rare Earth Material
  Evaporation Material
  Chemical Reagent
  High Pure Metals
Product Details

Purity: Er/TREM: 99.9%, TREM>99%

Shape: Discs, disks, step disk, delta, plate, sheets or made per drawing

Diameter: 355.6mm (14") max.

Single piece Size: Length:<500mm, Width: <250mm, thickness:="">1mm, if larger size than this, we can do it as Tiles joint by 45 degree or 90 degree

Made sputtering targets method:  vacuum melting

Melting point: 1802 K ​(1529 °C, ​2784 °F)                   Boiling point: 3141 K ​(2868 °C, ​5194 °F)
Density near r.t.: 9.066 g/cm3                                      
atomic weight​: 167.259

Erbium's principal uses involve its pink-colored Er3+ ions, which have optical fluorescent properties particularly useful in certain laser applications. Erbium-doped glasses or crystals can be used as optical amplification media, where Er3+ ions are optically pumped at around 980 or 1480 nm and then radiate light at 1530 nm in stimulated emission. This process results in an unusually mechanically simple laser optical amplifier for signals transmitted by fiber optics. The 1550 nm wavelength is especially important for optical communications because standard single mode optical fibers have minimal loss at this particular wavelength.
In addition to optical fiber amplifier-lasers, a large variety of medical applications (i.e. dermatology, dentistry) rely on the erbium ion's 2940 nm emission (see Er:YAG laser), which is highly absorbed in water in tissues, making its effect very superficial. Such shallow tissue deposition of laser energy is helpful in laser surgery, and for the efficient production of steam which produces enamel ablation by common types of dental laser.



Erbium-colored glass
Erbium's everyday uses are varied. It is commonly used as a photographic filter, and because of its resilience it is useful as a metallurgical additive.

Other uses:
Used in nuclear technology in neutron-absorbing control rods.
When added to vanadium as an alloy, erbium lowers hardness and improves workability.
Erbium oxide has a pink color, and is sometimes used as a colorant for glass, cubic zirconia and porcelain. The glass is then often used in sunglasses and cheap jewelry.

Erbium-doped optical silica-glass fibers are the active element in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs), which are widely used in optical communications.

The same fibers can be used to create fiber lasers. In order to work efficiently, erbium-doped fiber is usually co-doped with glass modifiers/homogenizers, often aluminum or phosphorus. These dopants help prevent clustering or Er-ions and transfer the energy more efficiently between the Er ions and the signal. Co-doping of optical fiber with Er and Yb is used in high-power Er/Yb fiber lasers. Erbium can also be used in erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers.

An erbium-nickel alloy Er3Ni has an unusually high specific heat capacity at liquid-helium temperatures and is used in cryocoolers; a mixture of 65% Er3Co and 35% Er0.9Yb0.1Ni by volume improves the specific heat capacity even more.
A large variety of medical applications (i.e. dermatology, dentistry) utilize erbium ion's 2940 nm emission (see Er:YAG laser), which is highly absorbed in water (absorption coefficient about 12000/cm). Such shallow tissue deposition of laser energy is necessary for laser surgery, and the efficient production of steam for laser enamel ablation in dentistry.


We also supply below material:


Material Name

Formula Purity
Aluminum Al 99.99%, 99.999%
Antimony Sb 99.99%, 99.999%
Boron B 99.9%,99.99%, 99.999%
Barium Ba 99.3%, 99.9%, 99.95%
Bismuth Bi 99.99%, 99.999%
Beryllium Be 99.99%
Graphite C 99.99%
Cobalt Co 99.9%, 99.95%, 99.99%
Chromium Cr 99.5%, 99.9%, 99.95%
Copper Cu 99.99%, 99.999%
Cadmium Cd 99.99%
Cerium Ce Ce/TREM>99.5%, 99.9%, TREM: 99%
Dysprosium Dy Dy/TREM>99.5%, 99.9%, TREM: 99%
Eur Eu Eu/TREM>99.95, 99.99%, TREM: 99%
Erbium Er Er/TREM>99.9%, TREM: 99%
Germanium Ge 99.999%, polycrystal or monocrystal
Gallium Ga 99.99%
Gadolinium Gd Gd/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%
Holmium Ho Ho/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%
Hafnium Hf 99.5%, 99.9%
Iron Fe 99.9%, 99.99%
Iridium Ir 99.95%
Indium In 99.9%, 99.99%,99.999%
Lanthanum La La/TREM>99.5%, 99.9%, TREM: 99%
Lutetium Lu Lu/TREM>99.99% TREM: 99%
Lithium Li 99.5%
Molybdenum Mo 99.95%
Magnesium Mg 99.95%
Nickel Ni 99.9%, 99.98%, 99.995%, 99.999%
Niobium Nb 99.95%
Neodymium Nd Nd/TREM>99.5%, 99.9%, TREM: 99%
Lead Pb 99.99%
Praseodymium Pr Pr/TREM>99.5%, TREM: 99%
Ruthenium Ru 99.95%
Rhenium Re 99.95%, 99.99%
Samarium Sm Sm/TREM>99.9%, TREM: 99%
Silicon Si 99.999%, 99.9999%,poly or mono crystal, doped or undoped
Selenium Se 99.99%, 99.999%
Scandium Sc Sc/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%
Silver Ag 99.99%
Terbium Tb Tb/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%
Tellurium Te 99.99%,99.999%
Tantalum Ta 99.95%, 99.99%
Titanium Ti 99.7%, 99.99%, 99.995%, 99.999%
Thulium Tm Tm/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%
Tin Sn 99.99%, 99.999%
Tungsten W 99.95%
Vanadium V 99.9%
Ytterbium Yb Yb/TREM>99.9%, 99.99% TREM: 99%



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